Book

Books were both scarce and expensive items before Gutenberg invented printing with movable type in the late 15c. The number of copies of any text was always necessarily small. Before Gutenberg everything had to be written, the only means of reproducing being hands and pens. Men went to great lengths to acquire books: Benedict Biscop (d. c.690) travelled to Rome, much of the journey on foot, at least four times, returning on each occasion with books and relics. By the end of the 12c, the Benedictine monastery at Canterbury had a famous collection of 600 volumes. The *codex form required the skins of many animals, usually sheep, to use as folios, i.e. the pages. This was a principal item of cost. By the 14c there were professional copyists and illuminators, e.g. Luttrell Psalter. [< OldEngl. boc = something written, a charter, record]

Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases. .

Synonyms:
, / (of a written work),


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Book — (b[oo^]k), n. [OE. book, bok, AS. b[=o]c; akin to Goth. b[=o]ka a letter, in pl. book, writing, Icel. b[=o]k, Sw. bok, Dan. bog, OS. b[=o]k, D. boek, OHG. puoh, G. buch; and fr. AS. b[=o]c, b[=e]ce, beech; because the ancient Saxons and Germans… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • book — book·a·ble; book; book·er; book·ery; book·e·te·ria; book·ie; book·ish; book·lear; book·less; book·let; book·lore; book·man; book·mo·bile; ca·book; chap·book; guide·book; hand·book·ing; land·book; non·book; book·a·te·ria; book·ish·ly;… …   English syllables

  • book — [book] n. [ME bok < OE boc, pl. bec < PGmc * bokiz, beech, beechwood tablets carved with runes < IE * bhagos, beech > BEECH, Gr phagos, L fagus] 1. a) a number of sheets of paper, parchment, etc. with writing or printing on them,… …   English World dictionary

  • Book — ist der Name folgender Personen: Asher Book (* 1988), US amerikanischer Schauspieler, Sänger und Tänzer Nils Ole Book (* 1986), deutscher Fußballspieler Ronald V. Book (1937–1997), US amerikanischer Informatiker Rose Book (1907–1995),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • book — ► NOUN 1) a written or printed work consisting of pages glued or sewn together along one side and bound in covers. 2) a main division of a literary work or of the Bible. 3) a bound set of blank sheets for writing in: an exercise book. 4) (books)… …   English terms dictionary

  • Book — Book, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Booked} (b[oo^]kt); p. pr. & vb. n. {Booking}.] 1. To enter, write, or register in a book or list. [1913 Webster] Let it be booked with the rest of this day s deeds. Shak. [1913 Webster] 2. To enter the name of (any… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • book — 1 n 1: a record of a business s financial transactions or financial condition often used in pl. the book s show a profit 2: police register 3: the bets registered by a bookmaker; also …   Law dictionary

  • Book PC —   [dt. »Buch PC«], Bezeichnung für äußerst kompakte PCs, die ohne Peripheriegeräte verkauft werden. Im Gegensatz zu einem Tower oder einem Desktop Computer sind Book PCs nicht viel größer als ein dickes Lexikon und wiegen je nach Ausstattung nur… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • book — [n1] published document album, atlas, bestseller, bible, booklet, brochure, codex, compendium, copy, dictionary, dissertation, edition, encyclopedia, essay, fiction, folio, handbook, hardcover, leaflet, lexicon, magazine, manual, monograph,… …   New thesaurus

  • book on — ˈbook on [transitive] [present tense I/you/we/they book on he/she/it books on present participle booking on past tense booked on past partic …   Useful english dictionary

  • Böök — ist der Name folgender Personen: Eero Böök (1910–1990), finnischer Schachmeister Fredrik Böök (1883–1961), schwedischer Literaturprofessor, Kritiker und Schriftsteller Siehe auch: Boek Diese Se …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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